It is unrealistic to expect individual nations to make, independently, the sacrifices necessary to conserve energy. International leadership and worldwide cooperation are essential if we expect to protect the world’s energy resources for future generations.
Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the opinion stated above. Support your view with reasons and/or examples from your own experience, observations, or reading.
To analyze whether individual nations need to make the sacrifices independently or with international leadership and worldwide cooperation to conserve energy, one needs to first analyze the below mentioned circumstances on how the world can be currently categorized to handle such a delicate issue.
Firstly, the world can be divided into developed, developing and under-developed countries. Developed countries use enormous amount of energy to sustain their consumer demands and keep the pace of their economy on the roads of growth. For, example, USA consumes almost a quarter of the fuel energy resources despite having a very small percentage of the population of the world. Developing countries like India and China, have almost half of the world’s population, try to meet their ever increasing demand to catch up the developed countries and hence, are more resistant to adopt the changes necessary to conserve energy. Under-developed countries like African countries, lagging in technology and reeling under poverty can hardly feed themselves daily adequately, so it is foolish to expect anything from them. In such a scenario, it is tough to accept that these countries will make, independently, the sacrifices to conserve energy; rather they may try to be more selfish and conservative according to their environments and demands.
Secondly, with international leadership and cooperation, a unified code of law can be adopted by all abiding nations. These laws can later be extended to other poorer countries with the aid and hep of powerful nations to adopt their growing economies to the energy demand properly. Probably, the approach like that of CTBT and Nuclear treaties, that helped in bringing down the nuclear arms race among nations and enhance cooperation in the development nuclear technologies for the mankind like that of the electricity, can be very useful in conserving energy too. Additionally, to abide by such a law, the timeline should be appropriately decided depending on the state of the country like developed countries like USA can abide quickly as soon as possible while poorer African countries can be given sufficient time to abide, in turn not affecting their growth.
Though one cannot ignore the importance of conserving energy for our future with frequent alarms of global warming, the realistic way of achieving the goal is to have a unified global code of law, which every country has to follow within a certain stipulated timeline with the help of global leadership like UN and cooperation.